|Photo by Colin Smith [CC-BY-SA-2.0], via Wikimedia Commons|
In 1081 William I, King of England, began work on the castle keep within the walls of the old Roman fort. Cardiff Castle has been at the heart of the city ever since. The castle was substantially altered and extended during the Victorian period by John Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute, and the architect William Burges. Original Roman work can, however, still be distinguished in the wall facings.
Cardiff was made a city in 1905, and proclaimed the capital of Wales in 1955.
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